Hadrons gluons, mesons and quarks
The gluons are high energy photons holding quarks together and occur over the order of 8E-16 m to 3E-15 m, whereas the mesons appear to be associated with the weak force and a distance corresponding to a longer wavelength around 1E-13 meters.
This suggests that mesons, which care about the spin of quarks, neutrinos and electrons and positrons are involved in the Weak force whereas gluons are involved in the Strong force.
Here is how I look at the various forces within an atom and its relevance to atomic structure. To begin with the He-BEC singularity has a diameter of c^2 or 8.98755E+16 meters. The inverse of the He-BEC singularity is
1/ c^2 = 1.11265E-17 meters
Anything smaller than this number e.g., 1.6E-35 and 4E-18 m can fit within the event horizon of the atomic nucleus. Everything outside of this is either in the atomic structure of the nucleus or in the orbital geometries of atoms.
As the gluons are 8E-16 m which is bigger than 1.11265E-17 m then it resides outside of the atomic singularity within the atom structure. It is within the singularity that inversions take place where the positron becomes the negative Up quark, and the electron becomes the positive Down quark. This feature of meson and the quark interaction with positron or electron is not that intuitive unfortunately. The charge changes to the opposite because the electron is inverted so it down has a positive surface pointing out and a negative surface pointed in.
One of the recent developments of the model is the following transition of the positron and electron pairs in dark matter (DM) into a H 1/0 anti-hydrogen atom. The neutron and the positron are therefore generated from the dark matter particle through a transition that involves square and square root mirrored states. Finding such an approach to the generation of hadrons appears to provide the correct fields of energies for the gluons and the mesons.
The initial state of the electron and positron pairs is 4E-18 m and there are four of these. One is squared and the other square root so that you get one with 2E-9 and the other of 1.6E-35 meter. These are then combined to generates (1.6E-35 / 2E-9 = 8.0E-27), which is inverted to 1.25E+26 PL corresponding to an orbital position of 2 nm. The 2E-9 accommodates two 4E-18 positron and electron pair. The meson relates to the 2E-9 and the 1.25E+26 and is the weak force responsible for the beta plus and beta minus decay event.
Figure 1: Hadron formation through the reverse of isotope decay processes
Yellow - gluons
Orange - mesons
Red - negative Up quark
Blue - positive Down quark
Green - electron (-) and positron (+)
Figure 2: The singularity He-BEC changes into DE and DM and then into He3/2 and H1/0 via the decay mechanism outlined above
Figure 3: The numbers and relationship between gluons, mesons and the quarks
The current model for quarks is based on electrodynamics and this new SUSY inversion model uses a theoretical framework based on inverse square law relationships based on an understanding that a pairing of square and square-root and can be used where 2^ = 4 and sqrt 4 = 2. This is the mirror symmetry model, where x and / are pairs and + and - are pairs and opposites, as the intensity of light decays based on the inverse square law, so does gravity and charge. The use of inverse square law relationships within the atomic structure enables the modelling of the electromagnetic fields in an atomic geometry through the singularity (centre of the atom). The inclusion of 1/alpha and 54686 which is the square root of the velocity of alpha particle emission (outward emission of alpha particles from He-BEC at 2990637811 m/s) on the inward trajectory (implosive) orientation gives the inward trajectory towards the singularity. This is relevant to mesons because in the decay process the electron travels into the singularity and is converted to the quark of the opposite charge.
In the SUSY inversion model the quarks are not all the same size but there is one big quark that encloses two smaller quarks and this gives the reason why mesons are associated with the beta decay process and care about the spin of particles and spin of neutrinos and antineutrinos whereas gluons have an opposite orientation with respect to ke and G and are within the larger quark giving them the unusual properties of being weaker the closer they get together and the further apart they are the stronger the gluon force.
I will have a separate page discussing the gluon field orientation with respect to the gravitational force and ke Coulomb's charge attractive force.